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mardi 13 juin 2017

Figure des Réalités Nouvelles Fahrelnissa Zeid

L'artiste Fahrelnissa Zeid (1901-1991)  se voit consacrer une grande rétrospective  à Londres à la Tate Modern de juin à octobre 2017, puis à Berlin à la Deutsche Bank Kunsthalle à partir du mois d’octobre.

Née en Turquie, dans une famille noble, princesse irakienne par son second mariage, cette artiste est la première femme moyenne-orientale à obtenir une exposition personnelle à l'institut d'Art Contemporain de Londres dans les années 50.  Elle expose à Paris avec Réalités Nouvelles entre 1952 et 1956. 
Coïncidant avec cet événement, Adila Laïdi-Hanieh lui consacre une biographie en anglais.

Fahrelnissa Zeid

Painter of Inner Worlds

Adila Laïdi-Hanieh

The story of Fahrelnissa Zeid’s (1901–91) life is truly like no other. A Turkish noblewoman by birth and Iraqi princess by marriage, she was the first female artist to have a solo exhibition at London’s prestigious Institute of Contemporary Arts. Friend and relative of kings, queens, and statesmen, and busy wife of an ambassador, she was also a leading figure of Turkish modernism in the 1940s and a prominent member of the avant-garde in postwar Paris, praised by fellow artists and critics alike. Despite her privileged background, she fought personal tragedy, psychological turmoil, and social and artistic prejudice to chart a unique and innovative path all of her own. She became celebrated in her lifetime for her monumental and dynamic abstract compositions that engulf the viewer in fields of colour, light, and energetic movement, as well as for her later expressionistic portraits of family and close friends. These works reflect her conception of art as a ceaseless forward quest, driven by a spiritual need to produce painterly renditions of cosmic journeys and inner psychic universes.

Coinciding with a retrospective exhibition at Tate Modern, this book is written by a former student of the artist and based on unprecedented access to her private papers and personal archive. It provides a revisionist and definitive account of both her extraordinary life and the constant innovation and reinvention that characterized her career right up until her final decades working and teaching in Jordan. It foregrounds the importance of her extensive knowledge of European culture and her shifting mental state on her artistic vision, and challenges orientalist interpretations of her art. In doing so, it redefines Fahrelnissa Zeid for the contemporary reader as one of the most important modernists of the twentieth century.

Dr Adila Laïdi-Hanieh is a writer and academic focusing on Arab and Middle East arts and cultural practices. She has a PhD in Cultural Studies from George Mason University in Virginia, United States, which she obtained as a Fulbright Scholar. A former painting student of Fahrelnissa Zeid, she writes and lectures on contemporary art of the Middle East.